SCHOOL-BASED MATHS CLINICS BY EDUPEDIA ASSOCIATES, LAGOS

SCHOOLS' REMEDIAL MATHS CLINICS FOR POOR STUDENTS

SCHOOLS’ REMEDIAL CLINICS FOR STRUGGLING MATHS STUDENTS

WHAT IS MATHS CLINIC?

Maths Clinic is a program designed to bring students who are lagging behind in Maths up to the level of achievement realized by their peers. There are a number of reasons why a student might need Maths Clinic. It is a motivational attempt to make Maths make sense to struggling students. That is, to make Maths have a human face and not to be like a ghost that cannot be seen. If properly delivered it looks and feels like a class of History, Literature, English of mathematics. it is an attempt to teach Maths for human beings and not aliens

Some students attend schools of poor quality and don’t receive adequate grounding in Maths and Language to prepare them for external exams or for life. Other students may have transferred in and out of schools or missed school a lot, creating gaps in their Maths education which contribute to lack of knowledge in the core subject. Students may fear or hate Maths while others may have learning disorders and other issues which have impaired their ability to learn the subject.

One major objective of Maths clinic is to reduce or wipe out the defeatist thinking or attitude of students. This is done by stepping back to more foundational topics to “HYPE THE PSYCHE” or to engage in thorough counseling. All the students might not be in a position to solve all Maths problems at the end of a few weeks but tutors of the clinics must try to modify (if they cannot change) students’ attitude of panic towards Maths.

Maths clinics are not usually conducted like regular Maths lectures They are more like psychological booster programs for students who find Maths or Maths tutors rather unfriendly or difficult to understand. Maths clinics are special in that they have particular needs to fill using particular methods. The mathematics curriculum blends conceptual understanding, procedural fluency, and application of mathematics content. To meet the individual needs of all students, instruction and assessment are differentiated within the classroom to support the success of all students.

Maths Clinic classes should be a mixture of learning and fun which students can look forward to. They are also supposed to stimulate and refresh students during the period. The goal of clinics and seminars should be to challenge, amuse and provoke students into seeing, thinking and acting in many usual and unusual recreational ways to understand what used to be difficult for them…..Read more notes on the following from our book……

SCHOOLS’ REMEDIAL CLINICS FOR POOR MATHS STUDENTS

Maths Clinic Teaching Strategies/Practical Examples of Maths Clinic Activities/Sample Maths Quiz Collection for Group Activity in a Maths Clinics

 

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SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT FEARS-WHOM ARE THE 4 BOOKS MEANT FOR?

FOR STUDENTS

1. SCHOOL MATHS-HOW TO BANISH YOUR FEAR
2. SCHOOL MATHS-HOW TO STUDY FOR A GOOD GRADE

FOR TUTORS AND PARENTS

3. SCHOOL MATHS- SMART TIPS FOR TUTORS AND PARENTS

FOR SCHOOLS AND EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATORS

4. SCHOOL MATHS- REMEDIAL CLINICS FOR STRUGGLING STUDENTS

 

SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT FEARS-4 BOOKS OF EDUPEDIA ASSOCIATES

SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT FEARS

There is no reason to pretend that Maths is easy. To be candid Maths requires a lot of effort and hard work and consumes a lot of energy and cognitive power. Maths is a language with a unique vocabulary, written sometimes with a dizzying array of often incomprehensible symbols. No matter how simple it may be, solving Maths can also be a challenge for quite a number of persons. Not all students are gifted mathematicians. Maths is not easy to be friendly with until most of the anxiety and fears are removed as being proposed by us below.

For Maths, no single text can make all the difference needed by students. They need far more help than what their recommended books or classroom teachers can give them. Nevertheless, we feel that readable handbooks like ours, arranged appropriately to motivate them towards having a friendlier relationship with Maths would be a partial solution to removing their anxiety, fears and sometimes ignorance about the subject.

It is with great pleasure that we introduce our four books specifically written to assist and reduce the anxiety and hatred of Maths by students. We assure every reader, whether student, tutor or even parents that these books are loaded with many relevant approaches for learning/teaching the subject.

The books are the outgrowth of our remedial work with Maths students over many years. They constitute an effort to guide students, teachers, parents, schools and administrators in taking necessary measures at improving the habit of studying Maths. The various techniques mentioned in the books if practiced or taught to students in the correct manner will help them reduce the quantum of failures to a minimum and will further improve their confidence.

We wish to restate that they would be suitable particularly for WAEC, NECO, JAMB classes and examinations. Even some A-Levels and university students who want to brush up on the basics will also find a lot of useful content in the books.

 

 

ASUU STRIKE: WONDERING WHERE TO READ WHILE UNIVERSITIES ARE SHUT?

ASUU STRIKE: WONDERING WHERE TO READ WHILE UNIVERSITIES ARE SHUT?

LAGOS BOOKS CLUB ADV

FG and ASUU, end this strike –

Daily Trust

ASUU strike

The on-going strike action by the Academic Staff Union of Universities [ASUU] was declared by its President, Prof. Biodun Ogunyemi as total, indefinite and comprehensive. He said there will be no teaching, examination, supervision or attendance at statutory meetings of any kind while the strike action lasts.

The goal of the strike, Ogunyemi said, is to compel government to address critical issues including funding for revitalization of public universities based on the FGN-ASUU Memorandum of Understanding [MOU] of 2012, 2013 and the MOA of 2017; reconstitution of Government’s  current team to appoint a leader of its renegotiating team “who has the interest of the nation at heart”; release of forensic audit report on Earned Academic Allowance [EAA] payments; settlement of all outstanding EAAs and mainstreaming of same into salaries beginning with the 2018 budget.

Other ASUU demands include payment of EAAs to University of Ilorin lecturers without further delay; payment of arrears of salary shortfalls to all universities that have met the verification requirements of the Presidential Initiative on Continuous Audit [PICA]; provision of a platform for ASUU to engage governors on proliferation of universities, underfunding of university education and undue interference in state universities’ affairs; and release of Pension Fund Administrator’s [PFA] operational license to NUPEMCO.

At Senate plenary last week, Chairman of Senate Committee on Tertiary Institutions and TETfund Senator Barau Jibrin blamed federal government for not implementing agreements it reached with ASUU. Meanwhile, Minister of Education Malam Adamu Adamu has appealed to striking ASUU members to exercise restraint in their demands. He said ASUU’s problems with government began during Umaru Yar’adua’s administration in 2009. He said the 2009 agreement between ASUU and federal government provided for funding of universities with N1.3 trillion over a six-year period. The minister however said the government could not fulfill its pledge because international oil prices crashed after 2009. Past administration made promises to the union when the economy was resilient, he said.

Malam Adamu also said at the inception of this administration, the country’s economy slid into recession with consequences for all sectors including education. Now that our economy has exited recession, Adamu appealed to parents, students and ASUU to continue to exercise restraints while government responds to the plight of the education sector.

It would be recalled that the 2009 agreement is the originating document from which other MOUs were entered into by federal government and ASUU. Issues in the 2009 agreement centered on increased funding, academic freedom and university autonomy. In 2012, government raised a panel that visited all public universities and assessed their needs. The Needs Assessment report informed the signing of the 2013 MOU. Due to failures experienced in implementation of the 2009 and 2013 MOUs, the federal government in September last year signed a Memorandum of Action [MOA] with ASUU. The 2013 MOU and the 2017 MOA both originated from the 2009 agreement.

Failure by successive administrations to honour the terms of agreements reached with ASUU is a major indictment on government. The current strike could have been forestalled if government had invited ASUU to re-negotiate the terms of the MOUs and MOAs based on the economic challenges facing the present administration. To that extent ASUU’s action is justified but it is important for its members to appreciate that there are other sectors with competing needs.

Critical though education is to the country’s development, not all of its needs can be met because other sectors also have pressing demands. There has been no prolonged ASUU strike action since 2013. Relative stability achieved in the academic calendar has restored parents’ confidence in our public universities. This huge gain must not be frittered away. Prolonged ASUU strike actions since the 1990s created a situation where the elite sent their children to foreign universities in Europe, UAE, Malaysia, Ghana and Benin Republic.

We urge both sides back to the table to re-negotiate the 2017 MOA within bounds of economic reality. This strike action must not become protracted with hardship for students, parents and the lecturers themselves.

Join us on

ASUU STRIKE: WONDERING WHERE TO READ WHILE UNIVERSITIES ARE SHUT?

SCHOOLS’ REMEDIAL CLINICS FOR STRUGGLING MATHS STUDENTS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT TEARS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAG

SCHOOLS’ REMEDIAL CLINICS FOR STRUGGLING MATHS STUDENTS

 

FOR SALE: SCHOOLS’ REMEDIAL CLINICS FOR STRUGGLING MATHS STUDENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

2. PREFACE

3. CONTENTS

A.SCHOOLS’ REMEDIAL STUDIES, EXAMINATION SEMINARS AND MATHS CLINICS (BY EDUPEDIA ASSOCIATES)

 M40. Education in Nigeria and relevance of Edupedia Associates

M41.The Painful Nigerian Secondary School System

M42. The Life of an “Average” Nigerian Secondary School Student

M43. The Case for Improved Educational Support Services

M44. After-School Classes

M45.School-based Remedial Studies

M46.School-based Examination Seminars 

M47.School-based Maths Clinics

M48.Checklists for teaching Maths and other Sciences

M18.10 Global inspirational experiences for Maths students

M49.Achievement of Remedial Studies and Parents’ Testimonials

M50.Testimonials by students

M51.About Edupedia Associates

M52.Remedial Studies Terminologies Available at Edupedia Associates

B.MATHS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS TECHNIQUE(OR WHAT WAEC/NECO MATHS EXAMINERS EXPECT YOU TO KNOW)

M101.Maths syllabuses and examination schemes (WAEC/NECO/UTME)

M102.How WAEC/NECO set exam questions

M103.Getting ready for WAEC/NECO exams

M104.Mapping out a revision strategy

M105.Interacting with revision materials

M106.Pointers and words of wisdom directly from WAEC

M107.180 WAEC Maths theory questions, answers and guidelines for revision

M108.Dos and Don’ts on the day of exam and in the exam hall

M109.Getting ready for theory/objective questions, emergencies and dealing with panic

M110.How WAEC/NECO mark Maths examination scripts

4. EDUGUIDE BOOKS & REFERENCES

5. ABOUT THE EDITORS (BACK PAGE)

 

SMART MATHS TIPS FOR TUTORS AND PARENTS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT TEARS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

SMART MATHS TIPS FOR TUTORS AND PARENTS

 

FOR SALE:SMART MATHS TIPS FOR TUTORS AND PARENTS

1. INTRODUCTION

2. PREFACE

3. CONTENTS

A.SMART MATHS TIPS FOR TUTORS AND PARENTS

M30.Why students see most Maths teachers as enemies
M31.Personal notes for tutors
M32.Planning content before the lesson
M33.Organizing the classroom
M34.Presentation and explanations
M35.Delivery and performance
M36.Setting ground rules for classroom behavior
M37Consolidation and practice
a. Doing practical Maths work
b. Solving problems /Doing group exercises
M38.Coordinating Maths teaching
a. In your school
b. Get going
M17.50 alphabetically-arranged ways parents can help their children overcome Maths anxiety.
M18.10 global inspirational experiences for ( parents of) Maths students

 

B.MATHS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS TECHNIQUE(OR WHAT WAEC/NECO MATHS EXAMINERS EXPECT YOU TO KNOW)

M1.Maths syllabuses and examination schemes (WAEC/NECO/UTME)
M2.How WAEC/NECO set exam questions
M3.Getting ready for WAEC/NECO exams
M4.Mapping out a revision strategy
M5.Interacting with revision materials
M6.Pointers and words of wisdom directly from WAEC
M7.180 WAEC Maths theory questions, answers and guidelines for revision
M8.Dos and Don’ts on the day of exam and in the exam hall
M9.Getting ready for theory/objective questions, emergencies and dealing with panic
M10.How WAEC/NECO mark Maths examination scripts

4. EDUGUIDE BOOKS & REFERENCES

5. ABOUT THE EDITORS (BACK PAGE)

 

HOW TO STUDY MATHS FOR A GOOD GRADE BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

HOW TO STUDY MATHS FOR A GOOD GRADE BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

HOW TO STUDY MATHS FOR A GOOD GRADE

FOR SALE:HOW TO STUDY MATHS FOR A GOOD GRADE

1. INTRODUCTION

2. PREFACE

3. CONTENTS

A.HOW TO STUDY MATHS FOR A GOOD GRADE

M21.Maths in the School/Classroom
M22.Maths Homework and Assignments
M23.Maths Private Study and Solving of Problems
M24.Maths School Tests and External Examinations

B.MATHS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS TECHNIQUE(OR WHAT WAEC/NECO MATHS EXAMINERS EXPECT YOU TO KNOW)

M1.Maths syllabuses and examination schemes (WAEC/NECO/UTME)
M2.How WAEC/NECO set exam questions
M3.Getting ready for WAEC/NECO exams
M4.Mapping out a revision strategy
M5.Interacting with revision materials
M6.Pointers and words of wisdom directly from WAEC
M7.180 WAEC Maths theory questions, answers and guidelines for revision
M8.Dos and Don’ts on the day of exam and in the exam hall
M9.Getting ready for theory/objective questions, emergencies and dealing with panic
M10.How WAEC/NECO mark Maths examination scripts.

4. EDUGUIDE BOOKS & REFERENCES

5. ABOUT THE EDITORS (BACK PAGE)

 

HOW TO BANISH YOUR FEAR OF MATHS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

HOW TO BANISH YOUR FEAR OF MATHS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

HOW TO BANISH YOUR FEAR OF MATHS

 

FOR SALE: HOW TO BANISH YOUR FEAR OF MATHS

1. INTRODUCTION

2. PREFACE

3. CONTENTS

A. HOW TO BANISH YOUR FEAR

M11.Preamble to “How to banish your fear of Maths”
M12.About the nature of Maths
M13.About the branches of WAEC/NECO Maths
M14.About why students fear or fail Maths
M15.But you are not alone (Quotes by others who did not like Maths)
M16.How to reduce personal anxieties about Maths
M17.50 global inspirational quotes for Maths students
M18.10 global inspirational experiences for Maths students

B. MATHS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS TECHNIQUE(OR WHAT WAEC/NECO MATHS EXAMINERS EXPECT YOU TO KNOW)

M1.Maths syllabuses and examination schemes (WAEC/NECO/UTME)
M2.How WAEC/NECO set exam questions
M3.Getting ready for WAEC/NECO exams
M4.Mapping out a revision strategy
M5.Interacting with revision materials
M6.Pointers and words of wisdom directly from WAEC
M7.180 WAEC Maths theory questions, answers and guidelines for revision
M8.Dos and Don’ts on the day of exam and in the exam hall
M9.Getting ready for theory/objective questions, emergencies and dealing with panic
M10.How WAEC/NECO mark Maths examination scripts.

4. EDUGUIDE BOOKS & REFERENCES

5. ABOUT THE EDITORS (BACK PAGE)

 

SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT TEARS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT TEARS BY KAYODE ODUMOSU AND MORENIKE GBAGI

Mrs Yetunde Morenike Gbagi

NOW AVAILABLE FOR SALE! “SCHOOL MATHS WITHOUT TEARS”

ABOUT BOOKS

*Made up of 4 handbooks depicting 5 different ways of learning Maths without tears
*Each handbook is made up of about 100-120 pages
*Each focused on areas of most needs based on our 40 plus years of Maths remedial work
*Not the usual problematic textbooks which turn Maths into mountains for students.

VALIDATION BY OUR EX-STUDENTS WILL BE APPRECIATED
*Mason/PASS college students are hereby requested to please validate our work with them by buying these books for their libraries or for their relations who might need relevant help on Maths.

CONTENTS OF EACH BOOK
Please see the posts after this.
Thank u.

MATHS WITHOUT TEARS FOR STUDENTS AND TUTORS: PREFACE

MATHS WITHOUT TEARS FOR STUDENTS AND TUTORS: PREFACE

There is no reason to pretend that Maths is easy. Maths is a language with a unique vocabulary, written sometimes with a dizzying array of often incomprehensible symbols. No matter how simple it may be, solving Maths can also be a challenge for quite a number of persons. Not all students are gifted mathematicians. And even those who are may have forgotten some of the topics earlier covered. To be candid Maths requires a lot of effort and hard work and consumes a lot of energy and cognitive power. Maths is not easy to be friendly with until most of the anxiety and fears are removed as being proposed by us through our books.

Unfortunately, our system of Maths education is a kind of an unwished nightmare to many students. Everyone knows something is wrong. The National Assembly announces, “We need higher standards.” The public schools say, “We need more teachers and teaching aids.” Educators say one thing, and teachers say another. They are all wrong. The only people who understand what is going on are the ones most often blamed and least often heard: the students. They say, “Maths classes do not inspire us,” – and they are right!

Our books attempt to answer these questions as well as inspire the students involved. But they are not the usual run of the mill textbooks on Maths listed by topics and divided into unending chapters of punishment. Each book is divided into four broad sections for easy understanding. The theoretical and practical contents are short enough to educate students, teachers or parents. To do this the books avoid turning each chapter and page into fearful mountains which students must climb.They are reader-friendly and are unlike many Maths textbooks which make students anxious and fearful. They are like writing novels or literature in place of Maths problems. These compilations from various authors and our internal resources constitute an attempt to remove a common nightmare and portray Maths in a more realistic and friendlier manner. They also set out to show how WAEC has been helping students to improve their performances in Maths over the years.

Learning Maths not only requires strong fundamentals but also a lot of practice, and making mistakes is part of that process. Making errors in Math is a good thing, and can help the students to learn and explore Maths in a better way. However, repeating same mistakes again and again over an extended period will not benefit the students and will be harmful to their confidence. One of the major reasons for preparing these books is to help in minimizing such unnecessary errors

For Maths, no single text can make all the difference needed by students. They need far more help than what their recommended books or classroom teachers can give them. Nevertheless, we feel that readable handbooks like ours, arranged appropriately to motivate them towards having a friendlier relationship with Maths would be a partial solution to removing their anxiety, fears and sometimes ignorance about the subject.

Are you a Maths student or Maths tutor? If you are, then these books are for you They are part of our 40-year old Maths toolbox and should therefore be great and unique gift items for your students, your teachers and parents too. Though written principally as references for students and for anyone with interest in secondary school Maths they are also intended to assist Maths tutors and parents in their quest to make Maths softer and friendlier to students. As a matter of fact, students, teachers, businesspeople, accountants, bank tellers, check-out clerks — anyone who uses numbers and wishes to increase his or her speed and arithmetical agility, can benefit from the clear, easy-to-follow techniques detailed in both books

Go on and open the books. Only then can you understand how and why some students who used to be terrorized by Maths became teachers of the subject they once loved to hate.

Good luck

MATHS WITHOUT TEARS FOR STUDENTS AND TUTORS: INTRODUCTION

MATHS WITHOUT TEARS FOR STUDENTS AND TUTORS: INTRODUCTION

“For more than two thousand years a familiarity with Mathematics has been regarded as an indispensable part of the intellectual equipment of every cultured person. Today, unfortunately, the traditional place of mathematics in education is in grave danger. The teaching and learning of mathematics has degenerated into the realm of rote memorization, the outcome of which leads to satisfactory formal ability but does not lead to real understanding or to greater intellectual independence…” (Amazon Book Review)

Maths is one of the most important subjects in Nigerian schools because of its role for progress to higher studies and for daily living in the society at large. However it is also the most misunderstood subject leading to inappropriate teaching methods causing anxiety in students which in turn leads to hatred of the subject.

It is with great pleasure that we introduce our two books specifically written to assist teachers and reduce the anxiety and hatred of Maths by students. We assure every reader, whether student, tutor or even parents that both books are loaded with many relevant approaches for learning/teaching the subject. They are:
1) MATHS WITHOUT TEARS FOR STUDENTS AND TUTORS
2) SCHOOL MATHS COMPANION AND HANDBOOK

MATHS WITHOUT TEARS FOR STUDENTS AND TUTORS

The first book is a Q/A book in the main. It was written to promote strategic competence through Maths problem-solving exercises, focusing on students’ areas of weakness and generally reducing errors. This is to be achieved through guidelines and relevant notes provided by examination bodies such as WAEC and NECO. However, unlike other Q/A books in the market it establishes 3 additional methods for learning/teaching Maths. These are specified through additional notes and constitute why this book is better than all the other Q/A books in the market. The additional methods included are:

-The Motivational Approach- Teaching students why Maths could be interesting and rewarding.
-The Procedural Approach- Teaching students how to develop a tactical approach towards Maths literacy and understanding
-The Clinics and Seminars Approach- Arranging effective after-school Maths clinics, remedial measures schools can employ to boost the morale of their students for Maths learning.

The notes also specify the roles great tutors, parents and organizations like Edupedia can play to improve the performances of their wards. This book provides an overall supportive role but it is not a typical “Maths For Dummies” book.

It is well segmented and intuitive. It also has more text information explaining what needs to be done on a step-by-step basis. Therefore, it has the potential to be the definitive Maths book for teachers and students across all national exams. The aim of this book is to explain, carefully, how to learn/teach Maths but not in a deeply
technical or calculative manner. It aims to distill the essential ideas and explain things in simple language.

So let us summarize the main ideas in the books as follows:

a. Maths is not easy but can be surmounted by anyone
b. If you are looking for a Maths miracle without making some effort you may not find such in these books
c. It is important knowing that Maths can be more easily learned through different approaches outlined in both books

NIGERIAN ELECTIONS: EDUCATING THE ELECTORATE NOT TO SELL THEIR VOTES AND CHOOSE GOOD ASPIRANTS

It is evident that politicians for the past four to five decades in Nigeria have not delivered good governance to Nigerians nor managed our resources to improve the well being and welfare of its citizens. It is common knowledge that these politicians in their estimation have perfected the cycle of deceiving the electorate by literally buying the votes of the people and foisting incompetent people on the citizens on the platform of their political parties. Strategies of manipulation also include exploitation of ethnic sentiments and religious dispositions of the electorate to impose these visionless, corrupt and ethically immoral people of them. This current government set us back many years with the level of nepotism that we thought had died in our country and many lives have been lost in what could be considered the archaic and backward policies of cattle herdsmen that has resulted in many deaths.
Change of leadership could not be more compelling than in 2019. This is why the electorate has to be enlightened to no longer be deceived by N1000 or a piece of Ankara to mortgage their quality of life and those of their children to hirelings and charlatans who wear political garbs with no understanding or desire to serve their people. Good governance is about is about service to the people. Valuing with integrity the trust that is reposed on leaders to judiciously and efficiently manage the nation’s resources to the direct benefit of the people of Nigeria. It is not about ethnicity or religion or tribe. It is about being accountable, transparent, committed to meeting the goals that have been set to deliver to the electorate in a timely manner. Let us do all we can, using the social media and other media to disarm money politics in our country that undermines our ability to choose wisely those who will deliver on their campaign promises and stop the rot of incompetent leadership in Nigeria.
The time for change is 2019. Please, do not sit on the fence. Get involved. Join a movement to change Nigeria. I have joined the Red Card Movement. Let us take charge of our destiny and drive change that will deliver good governance and the benefits of a progressive nation for our country. Let us educate the electorate. The time to start is now.

BY HERBERT AKIN SOWEMIMO

RELEVANT RADIO JINGLE

 

WHICH WAY NIGERIA? ASSESSING THE CONSTITUTION AND ROLES BEING PLAYED BY OUR LEADERS

Query 1:

Examine the critical elements of the Nigerian Constitution and identify aspects of it needing an amendment for a better administration of the country.

Our Response:

The 1999 Constitution lies against itself as it is not a people’s constitution, but rather foisted by the military. Hence it’s anti-developmental applications.
A critical element requiring urgent amendment is in the area of the security apparatus of the country. Our allusion points at the Police, where centralization has limited effectiveness while accounting for crass incompetence.
The police are underpaid, under-trained and overstretched. Consequently, the soldiers who are the last line of defense of any nation are now the first, having been drafted to 32 out of the 36 states doing internal security operations.
The 68 items on the exclusive list must be revisited and be worked on. These in part also have been the cog in the wheels of effective development.
Legislation on resource control must tilt in favor of states, while formula of monthly allocation must be reversed, such that the federal government gets less in the suggestions of LG…40… States …40 and the federal government 20.
Extra-budgetary allocation and honorarium will be made possible to the federal purse for security reason.

Query 2:

Examine the roles of Political, Traditional and Religious Leaders to determine if they have fulfilled their critical roles in nation-building and development of the society.

Our Response:

Of a truth, the majority of these ‘power groups’ should and would have contributed more, but the ethnic clannish and religiosity skew have obliterated expected efficiencies.
Let us x-ray these traditional and religious leaders a bit more closely.
The former, whose task is to both preserve and teach core values, while staying neutral has lost it, partly because our kind of democracy has supplanted their mode of evolution as they have to get approval as well as Staff of Office from the governors, invariably, they are tied to the apron strings of their paymasters.
If we go down even to our recent history, we know that when Sultan of Sokoto Sir Abubakar 111, the father of the current Sultan Saad, was going on his first pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, he left his household in the care of Mr. Dike, an Igbo from the South who went to Sokoto in 1915. Mr. Dike was so trusted that he had access to the Sultan’s bedroom.
Dike’s offsprings are still in Sokoto fully integrated. In doing this, Sultan Sir Abubakar 111 was practicing what his worthy ancestor, Shehu Usman Dan Fodio advised in his book, “Bayan Wujub al_Hijra” where Dan Fodio wrote, “one of the swiftest ways of destroying a state is to give preference to one particular tribe over another, or to show favor to one group of people than another, and draw near those who should be kept away and keep away those who should be drawn near.”
So how come we have missed the way so dastardly?
The religious leaders themselves teach, that their religion is the only channel to God, thereby creating a direct or subtle psychological mindset of religious superiority to others. It further engenders hatred and divisions, while causing jeopardy to harmony.
Political leaders also seem superior to the laws, as they repeatedly violate the constitution and subvert the process of justice in connivance with their lawyers and corrupt judges.

Posted By C&L Alumni Core Group.

RELEVANT  RADIO JINGLE

WHICH WAY NIGERIA? EXAMINING OUR SUBSISTING MORAL AND RELIGIOUS VALUES

Constitutional Provisions on religion

In the Federal Government of Nigeria Constitution of 1999, in Part II, section 10 it states the following:

The Government of the Federation or of a State shall not adopt any religion as State Religion.

The sub-section 1 under section 15 of Part II of the same constitution where it is said that the motto of the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be Faith, Unity, Peace and Progress it also stipulates the following:

Accordingly, national integration shall be actively encouraged, whilst discrimination on the grounds of place of origin, sex, religion, status, ethnic or linguistic association or ties shall be prohibited.

The Federal and State governments have complied fully with the provision (i) above but the same affirmation of adherence cannot be said of provision (ii) both at the Federal and State levels. The challenges and negative consequences that this non-compliance has posed in undermining the effective management of resources at both levels of government will be enunciated later in the synopsis.

These constitutional provisions confirm the secularity of the practice of religion within Nigeria and guarantee its citizens freedom so to do if it does not present threats to life and property of others or constitutes itself into a nuisance thereby inconveniencing the peaceful way of life of others or breach their fundamental human rights.

Though these conditions are not explicitly stated in the provisions, they are considered intrinsic in their definition towards living in peace with each other with mutual understanding.

Geographical Religious Diversity

Contemporary statistics indicate the following as the percentages by the population of the major regions in Nigeria:

Muslim – 50%

Christianity – 40%

Others – 10%

All states in the Federation have a mix of all these religions in different ratios and we can state a generalisation that the Southern part of the country comprising the South West, South Central, and South East are more predominantly Christian and the Northern part of the country comprising North West, North Central, and North East are predominantly Muslim.

Before the late 70s and early 80s, the state governments and previously regional administrations were religion agnostic and did not participate in religious activities formally or as governments. The relationship between adherents of these major faith was simple, non-hostile, tolerant, accepting to the extent the Muslims enjoyed Christmas celebrations with Christians and Christians enjoyed Idel Malud and Idel Kabir celebrations with Muslims so much so that gifts and food were exchanged during these times between themselves. There were no incidents of hate speeches between Christians and Muslims and intermarriages did not meet with resistance from either faith as such.

The moral values of followers of both faiths and in general everyone else was founded on age-old cultural dos and don’ts that had stood the test of time and continued so to do. It is a fact also that traditional idol worship namely Ifa, Ogun, Oya, Oshun were mixed with these major faiths as well.

Religion was private, and many adopted or were brought up in these faiths by following what their parents taught them and practiced.

Religion and Governance

Religion in government started late in the 80’s where States in the northern part of the country to help many more Muslims in their states fulfill their religious obligations to go to Mecca started to subsidize the flights and gave logistical support to operationally and effectively manage a fulfilling experience for its adherents. This provided the opportunity for many more Muslims to embark on this journey annually. What used to be a privileged journey for the rich or those that could afford it became commonplace and the proceeds of the oil boom that enhanced the size of the disposable income of many also played a very crucial part.

The equivalent activity of traveling to Jerusalem for Christians was not a religious obligation in their faith and consequently, it lagged when it came to state support. For many Christians, this remained a spiritual desire which they finally were able to influence the state governments to subsidize and support as well. Religious organizations have since been set up formally in some states of the Federation to manage these activities every year to which resources are allocated from the state budgets.

Though religion remains private, the involvement of state governments has given it a different coloration. The backdrop of committing state resources to supporting these activities has in effect empowered State Governors to push the boat of their religious beliefs further into the sea when they are in office thereby endangering the secularity of religion in states. We see this in attempts made by some state governors to compel the wearing of the hijab in some secondary schools in the South Western segment of the country.

The knock-on effect of this state government involvement in religion has led to the establishment of Sharia courts in some states of the Federation particularly in the northern part of the country. This has been a direct impact on the Judiciary in the country leading to a parallel judicial system in some parts of the country.

Religion and Faith

The growth of religious tourism in the country has become an industry in the country to which significant resources are committed yearly. The inherent expectation of these activities would be that adherents of these faiths will be more pious in their behavior reflecting their beliefs in the teachings of these faiths. Sadly, this has not been the case. Religiosity now straddles the country, particularly in the Christian faith where churches number over 25000 across its length and breadth.

Despite this growth of places of worship in the country, there is more corruption in all facets of public and private sectors of the economy. Crime in various forms has also become a commonplace which prior decades ago was not the case. These include kidnappings, ritual killings, large-scale embezzlement of government funds by public officers and criminal conspiracies between banks and government establishments to defraud.

To state that the motivation for the growth of places of worship in the country was more financial than spiritual would not be far from wrong. In the counterproductive message of miraculous and sudden wealth by many churches, the work ethic of the adherents of the Christian Faith has been severely undermined with a consequence that creativity, innovation, and hard work have stunted and become moribund. The deliberate and conscious mis-emphasise of wealth as a message primarily for self-enrichment of Pastors has severely damaged the economic benefits that honesty, integrity, and accountability have afforded our economy and by extension our country.

Religion and Politics

The rather primitive mentality of ‘do or die’ in Nigerian politics and the obsession for political office for self-enrichment as against service has resulted in the use of every deviant device and mechanism to secure a political position. Religion, therefore, has become a victim and a tool exploited by politicians in very manipulative ways to get support and undermine opponents. The mixture of politics and, religion, however, is very toxic and rhetoric by politicians in attempts to secure votes exacerbates religious intolerance and results in conflicts and clashes between different party supporters that sometimes leads to the loss of life.

Exploitation of religious beliefs also blinds the views of the electorate about the capabilities of a potential candidate and constrains their ability to evaluate objectively what such a candidate will deliver if elected. Consequently, incompetent, inexperienced, unprincipled and morally bankrupt people find their way into public office on the back of religious beliefs to the detriment of the people for a minimum of four years.

The loss in the mismanagement of resources, the under-development of the state of the economy, the visionless posture of such people causes irretrievable damage and the consequences last a long time. In some cases, the quality of life of such people fall and standards of behavior are compromised all around. The society is then the victim of religion that has been abused for self-gain.

Points to ponder

That official involvement of state governments in religious tourism should be discontinued as there is no empirical and visible evidence of tangible benefits to these activities

That the non-intervention of state governments in religion will deter the abuse of governors in their offices to arm-twist the electorate to adopt their personal beliefs via the imposition of educational policies that are sympathetic to their own religious disposition

That the non-intervention of the government at all levels in the country will further respect the multi-religious society that we are and strengthen our nation as one that is secular.

That the non-intervention of government in religion and religious affairs will further disarm politicians from its exploitation and better empower the electorate to make informed decisions about candidates to ensure people of good standing and right competencies are elected into office.
That the non-involvement of government in religious affairs will help to deter the religious extremists among us from exploiting the ignorant and poor youngsters from becoming terrorists and focus their attention in the delivery of good service to all Nigerians

That the non-involvement of government in religious affairs will help the peaceful co-existence of people of different faiths better live in harmony across the length and breadth of Nigeria.

That the resources currently used in funding the subsidies to religious locations be better utilized in meeting the developmental goals of medical, educational, social infrastructure in the country.

It is evident that politicians for the past four to five decades in Nigeria have not delivered good governance to Nigerians nor managed our resources to improve the well being and welfare of its citizens. It is common knowledge that these politicians in their estimation have perfected the cycle of deceiving the electorate by literally buying the votes of the people and foisting incompetent people on the citizens on the platform of their political parties. Strategies of manipulation also include exploitation of ethnic sentiments and religious dispositions of the electorate to impose these visionless, corrupt and ethically immoral people of them. This current government set us back many years with the level of nepotism that we thought had died in our country and many lives have been lost in what could be considered the archaic and backward policies of cattle herdsmen that has resulted in many deaths.

Change of leadership could not be more compelling than in 2019. This is why the electorate has to be enlightened to no longer be deceived by N1000 or a piece of Ankara to mortgage their quality of life and those of their children to hirelings and charlatans who wear political garbs with no understanding or desire to serve their people. Good governance is about is about service to the people. Valuing with integrity the trust that is reposed on leaders to judiciously and efficiently manage the nation’s resources to the direct benefit of the people of Nigeria. It is not about ethnicity or religion or tribe. It is about being accountable, transparent, committed to meeting the goals that have been set to deliver to the electorate in a timely manner. Let us do all we can, using the social media and other media to disarm money politics in our country that undermines our ability to choose wisely those who will deliver on their campaign promises and stop the rot of incompetent leadership in Nigeria.

The time for change is 2019. Please, do not sit on the fence. Get involved. Join a movement to change Nigeria. I have joined the Red Card Movement. Let us take charge of our destiny and drive change that will deliver good governance and the benefits of a progressive nation for our country. Let us educate the electorate. The time to start is now.

Posted By C&L Alumni Core Group.

RELEVANT RADIO JINGLE

 

 

WHICH WAY NIGERIA? A REVIEW OF THE SUBSISTING LEADERSHIP SELECTION AND ELECTORAL PROCESSES

LEADERSHIP SELECTION PROCESS/PARTY POLITICS AND CHOICE OF LEADERS

PARTY STRUCTURAL RELATIONSHIPS

Nigeria’s form of government looks familiar to the American style as the president has a four-year term and has a possibility of a second term. The national assembly is bicameral, with a senate and a house of representatives distributed among the states by population. There is also the apex judiciary court known as the Supreme Court.

Political parties are expected to be a core group of institutions in any functioning democratic system. However, the activities of Nigerian political parties over the years have been to subvert and not promote democracy and good governance. Here are the major actors in the choice of leaders for the country

THE CABAL…Nigerian political parties have been hijacked by a few cabals whose mindsets are those of “do-or-die” politicians. They generally tend to believe that political power through elections has to be “captured”. These highly placed Nigerians include retired society’s elites, top military officers, policemen, paramilitary agencies and government contractors who operate as political godfathers. Because of their enormous wealth and influence, they personalize political power which ordinarily should belong to the people and ought to be institutionalized. With the assistance of state institutions like the police, army, and the electoral body, they turn their different parties or states into personal estates. They determine nearly everything that happens in the parties or states. They are the ‘king’s makers’. These godfathers arrogate to themselves powers to decide for the people thereby threatening the democratic process in the country and equally denying the people the right to take part in politics. Generally –speaking these kingmakers themselves are power drunk, self-seeking, ideologically barren. The pervasive ‘godfather challenge’ also exists in almost all parts of the country, and is not necessarily limited to any one state or geopolitical zone in particular

Among these cabals are members of the States and National Houses of Assembly in Nigeria who themselves are products of corrupt and undemocratic rules and processes

INEC included among the list of amendments to the legal framework it submitted to the National Assembly as far back as late 2012 or thereabouts, the need for the introduction of Independent Candidacy in our electoral laws. The idea behind that is for the purpose allowing (an) independent candidate(s) – i.e. any eligible person(s) who happen(s) to meet a very strict set of specified qualification criteria for such – to be able to avoid the influence of godfathers in deciding who gets to be on the ballot as a party candidate. Perhaps, not totally unexpectedly, that amendment did not sail through in the end.

UNEMPLOYED YOUTH…Unemployment is high resulting in youth restiveness and its concomitant general insecurity and high crime rate in the country. These include militant activities in the Niger Delta area, kidnapping cases in the south-east, the activities of ‘area boys’ and robbery cases in the southwest and Boko Haram menace in the north. All these are clear reactions of unemployed Nigerian youths to bad governance in the country.

THE POOR MASSES….Nigerian citizens are grossly unequal in wealth and the poor who are invariably the most, are dependent on the wealthy. Most of our largely uneducated pool of electorate, on their part, do not still understand or appreciate the fact that they can, indeed, vote for the candidate of a different party other than the main party they support, depending on the quality of the candidate presented by each party. In other words, the concept they seem to generally accept and entirely go by, more often than not, is one which tends to imply that once they massively support a particular political party or candidate in a state or an area, it then automatically follows that they just have to vote and return any and all candidates presented by that party across all the conceivable election types conducted by Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) – i.e. Presidential, Governorship, Senatorial, House of Representatives and State Houses of Assembly elections – and possibly, even local government council elections conducted by the various State Independent Electoral Commissions (SIECs), regardless of whether other more qualified or better-suited candidates may be running for the same place on another party platform. The resulting dangerous phenomenon during elections, which is largely fuelled by such mindset, has appropriately been dubbed and has since come to be known and regarded as the “bandwagon effect” in local electoral parlance. Their membership of parties are not based on genuine manifestoes but linked availability of cash gifts, incessant religious crisis, the persistent ethnic and sectional conflicts, separatist movements etc. They are generally not averse to maiming, killing, burning, and unimaginable destruction of lives and property either.

OTHERS…To some extent, the Nigerian Judiciary and most of the State Independent Electoral Commissions (SIECs), cannot be absolved of blame about what these parties are doing. The roles of the judiciary and that of the SIECs as the last hopes of the average person have been undermined by different godfathers either through inducement, cajoling, and intimidation. In essence, “the judiciary and most of the SIECs, to a large extent are subject to the whims and caprices of these do or die, politicians.

PARTY STRUCTURAL DEFECTS

A poor political culture has emerged from the interactions of the various actors above leading to

Machine politics which “involves the parceling out of parts of the State including territories to people, usually under the leadership of one or two notables

Those who have somehow appropriated and cornered for themselves the rights to pick out or select from among the long list of aspiring politicians on our behalf appear uncomfortable with pushing forward and implementing the kinds of reforms that will make sure only people who meet the relevant criteria of qualification, knowledge, experience, vision, skills, wisdom and courage, among others, are put forward for such positions. This is, perhaps, because such people may not be amenable to being teleguided or pushed around in a way that their benefactors have come to expect over the years. We, therefore, have a “garbage – in, garbage – out” syndrome on our hands

Political parties look more like social clubs and not groups of people held together by well-thought-out manifestoes. Usually, party primaries are conducted in grossly undemocratic fashion. In many cases, the results were said to have gone to the highest bidder and usually well-known in advance before an election

Political Powerlessness – which is an individual’s feeling that he cannot influence the actions of a party because of the crude use of money to buy votes. Or the heightened use of thugs to influence results. Massive rigging of buying of votes during internal party election is a norm and not an exception

Political Meaninglessness – which implies the person who finds himself in this situation is unable to make choices without directions from the cabal

Political Lawlessness– here the individuals’ perception that norms or rules of political relations are not observed, or that there is no adherence to the rule of law according to party constitutions. There is the perception of a high level of deviating behavior generally among political actors

Political Isolation of people who decide not to play ball

Political Estrangement – this is a feeling of withdrawal that an individual has arisen from the deplorable conditions of public life even as he plays his roles in the political process. Increasing discontent with current government policy and performance undoubtedly contributes to political cynicism.

Reckless mobilization of ethnic, language or religious differences within party members

Violence and assassination of political aspirants and kidnap of their families

Very high financial wherewithal for the campaign, take care of the cabal and the social norms of the clubs otherwise called political parties.

Even where party members feel aggrieved or where an electorate has a change of mind the legally permissible recall of elected officials is a rather tedious process, which probably explains why none has succeeded thus far in our recent history.

ELECTORAL PROCESS/CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS

THE SHORTCOMINGS OF INEC AS A DEMOCRATIC UMPIRE

The average Nigerian has been so profoundly frustrated, disappointed and devastated by the crude manifestations of the mechanics of Nigerian electoral politics, so much so that they have become either apathetic and indifferent, or exceedingly cynical or The civic duty of going out to vote in elections had become very dangerous, exposing voters to risks of being assaulted or injured or killed by armed thugs doing the bidding of some politician, or by some deranged militants and terrorists. If they succeeded in casting their votes unscathed, they watch helplessly as the votes were stolen, or the election results purchased from cooked election and security officials, such that for all practical purposes, their votes don’t count. In the circumstances, many citizens have withdrawn from the electoral process and/or have become extremely skeptical about the value and utility of elections.

As a developing third world country, Nigeria is bedeviled by institutional weaknesses and systemic challenges, which all impact negatively upon the preparations and conduct of elections. For example, INEC was inherited by Prof. Jega as a weak institution, with a very negative public image to boot. Some of the characteristics of a week institution include inefficient and personality-driven business process; lack of good record-keeping and institutional memory; and susceptibility to pettiness conflicts by primordial vested interests and cleavages. It is very challenging to routinize work and achieve efficiency and effectiveness in such as organization because it requires a change of attitudes through serious efforts at change management says Prof Jega.

There is also the complicated matter of the impact/influence of other weak institutions, on an institution being reformed!

General systemic challenges and peculiarities also impose constraints on electoral reforms. For example, Nigeria has a very serious systemic security challenge. There is an upsurge in criminality, committed with impunity and unrestrained by the remarkable weakness of the police as an institution; political thuggery, kidnapping, armed robbery, assassinations, militancy and insurgency, all joined to make the political and electoral terrain very unstable and insecure. There is not much an EMB like INEC can do in the face of such systemic challenges; except forge closer collaboration and working relationship with all security agencies, in the hope that working together, there could be a more effective strategy in minimizing the challenges.

The cost of running INEC is also rather too astronomical for our economy. Revenue that could be used to provide the infrastructure needed by business is used for funding elections. The total budget for the 2011 elections released by INEC was put at N89billion ($659million). In the federal budget for 2011, another N46.4 billion was allocated to the same elections. Indeed, the total budgetary allocation for elections was about N133 billion naira. It is important to state that INECs budget for 2011 dwarfed the budget of most states of the federation. Osun state had a budget of N88.1 billion, Kwara state N68.6 billion and Edo had a budget of N106 billion. When compared to other developing countries such as Bangladesh, India, and Ghana, the cost on per head basis in Nigeria was more than double. For 2015 elections INEC’s N74 billion on voters register amounts to N1, 138 per head for 65 million registered voters. Ghana conducted its 2008 elections at the cost of $40 million which amounted to $3 per capita.

Commencement reviews of the electoral legal framework do not usually start early and do not usually comply with the international Protocols to which Nigeria is a signatory. This need to be completed at least six months before a general election.

INEC recognized, quite early, the need to increasingly use technology to improve the conduct of elections in Nigeria. One key challenge is associated with the virtual absence of Original Equipment manufacturers (OEMs). Virtually everything has to be sourced from vendors, and imported from abroad, who impose extortionate conditions, arbitrarily review upwards licensing fees on account of ‘proprietor’ rights. As most technology relies on electricity, the inadequacy of power supply requires added expenses on batteries, spare parts, and redundancies. INEC tried to right technology, albeit through vendors, but with an effort to curtail their total control, by signing on to contracts with detailed specifications and use of Open Source Software. But doing this also has its own challenges!

There are also other associated challenges. For example, meeting the production deadlines in the production o permanent voter card (PVC) f PVCs was seriously affected by power failures, which damaged equipment, which the vendor could not quickly replace. The use of smart card readers (SCRs) was constrained by the fact that some polling units are located in areas where there was no Internet coverage! Or in schools, which were used as Super Registration Area Centres (RACs) with no electricity to charge batteries and SCRs!

THE 2015 ELECTIONS

Several factors accounted for the voter participation in the elections. These included

Voter Education

Mobilization of Human and Material Resources

Security for Electoral materials

The credibility of the candidates,

The desire to change the party in power due to poor performance,

The use of the Smart card readers and fairness of the zoning arrangement.

A large number of voters were also encouraged by INEC‟s assurances of credible polls.

Party image was reported to have played the least impact on voters‟ decision to vote.

Voting behavior in the election was generally in conformity with INEC‟s electoral guidelines. Voters were orderly during accreditation, voting, sorting, counting, and declaration of results. Voters also largely accepted the outcome of the election without resorting to post-election violence.

In spite of all these, the election was characterized by low voter turnout (see table below showing Number of Registered voters versus Total Votes cast) This is no surprise with the anticipation of rigging, insecurity, dissatisfaction with the performance of elected representatives, general lack of interest in the election, and people‟s valuation of the rewards of other activities on the election day, as reasons for poor outing for the elections.

 

  Summary of 2015 Presidential Election Results in Benue State    
                           
S/n Name of No. of No.   of Votes Received by Parties
  No.  of   No.    of Total
  LGA   Regd.   Accred,       Valid   Rejected Votes
      Voters   Voters         Votes   Votes Cast
            APC           PDP
OTHERS
       
1 Ado   59,888   10,946 2,328 7,382   273 9,983   559 10,542
2 Agatu   47,895   15,284 3,627 9,555   120 13,294   658 13,952
3 Apa   46,934   13,418 4,526 6,450   203 11,179   778 11,957
4 Buruku   92,862   42,564 23,397 15,407   478 39,084   639 39,723
5 Gboko   191,036   83,180 54,065 22,971   489 77,521   1,570 79,091

The Commission’s performance in provision of electoral security was largely below the mark and this accounted for some pockets of electoral violence in some areas.

 

All is not bad news, however. If in the not so distant past, apathy, skepticism, and hopelessness pervaded the Nigerian landscape, there are now some positive vibes emitting from the relative success of the 2015 general elections.There seems to be a growing perception that things like the PVCs and the SCRs, combined with our active and take part in the electoral process can indeed, make our votes count!

Moral/Religious Values

SEE NEXT POST

SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

PARTY POLITICS AND CHOICE OF LEADERS

Government much more than ever before needs to evolve credible strategies to improve the resource base of the State to address the socio-economic requirements of the people as postulated by Johari (2012). This is the essence of recruiting leadership at elections and this is the basis for which leadership is able to garner legitimacy and acceptability.

Self-appointed ‘kingmakers’, also known locally as “godfathers”, who perennially go about oozing their familiar overbearing attitude on the rest of the population either change their ways, or we somehow collectively find a way to dislodge them from their current vise-like grip on our political leadership selection process, with a view to liberalising and democratizing it, to make it a more open one eventually.

We wish to agree with the recommendation of some writers for the exclusion of certain categories of people (i.e. the cabals identified earlier in this paper) from participating in the democratic process and governance in Nigeria. The ignoble role played by these cabals in Nigerian politics is a threat to the sovereign existence of Nigeria

The problem of our leadership selection process is well within our powers and wherewithal to work and improve upon, but we somehow always fail to do those vital little things that are required to make a marked difference

The release of the party structures from the vise-like grip of godfathers and other money bags, to make way for a more open and democratic system of selecting candidates,

Voters should be free to choose the preferred candidates of their choice, regardless of party affiliation, and there are, perhaps, several instances one can possibly cite where that has, indeed, been the case.

Amendment of the electoral law in Nigeria to further curb the widespread election rigging in the country.

Political parties should be encouraged to improve on their public images through the entrenchment of internal democracy and good governance when elected into power. Many registered voters did not turn out in the elections due to the fact that, they were not satisfied with government performance by the party in power. As major institutions in the democratic process, political parties can enhance political participation when they deliver on their mandates through good governance

Political parties should develop internal rules for candidate selection that are transparent and democratic, and exclude those who use intimidation, violence or bribery to gain nomination or office. Nigerian women and youth should be more encouraged to take part more actively and to seek public office

FOR ELECTORAL PROCESS /CONDUCT OF ELECTION

FROM THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE

Improve the transparency and credibility of the conduct of elections, and cut persistent fraudulent activities, which are perpetrated with impunity in Nigerian elections.

Review and amend the Electoral Act 2006 and the 1999 Constitution to substantially improve the electoral legal framework

Polling stations should be at institutional buildings such as schools, community centers, etc, which are centrally located.

Where these are not available, INEC should set up temporary polling stations at permanent locations; and each polling station should consist of not more than 500 voters.

Voters’ Registration should be a continuous exercise as provided for in the Electoral Act, 2010 (as amended), such that every eligible voter would be given the opportunity to register at designated INEC offices ;

There should be an interconnectedness between the National Identity Card and voters’ registration data to ensure the credibility and integrity of the Voters Register; and

There should also be continuous voters’ registration, education, and sensitization.

FROM OTHER SOURCES

There is, the absolute need for a deliberate, purposeful and focused continuation of the reform of the Nigerian electoral process leading to the next general elections in 2019, to tackle subsisting challenges, clean up, sanitize or cleanse the political terrain, stabilize the polity and create a solid foundation for consolidating and deepening democracy in Nigeria, as well catalyze economic growth and socioeconomic development.

INEC also should be given more powers to prevent it being manipulated by the government. Once a new electoral law is enacted, the National Assembly and Nigerian civil society organizations and professional associations such as the Nigerian Bar Association should exercise oversight functions over its implementation and the actions of INEC

There is also the increased need for more foreign observers to train and sensitize INEC officials and to watch elections.

A permanent Electoral Reform Committee, with the mandate to make wide-ranging recommendations for electoral reform in Nigeria is a necessity The modest effort at electoral reform after the submission of the report of the Justice Muhammadu Uwais Electoral Reform Committee (ERC), as represented by the introduction of new legal and administrative reform measures, and the inauguration of a new Chairman and Commissioners, paved the way for remarkable improvements in the 2011 and especially the 2015 general elections. But many of the important recommendations were left out.The major ones notably Nos 1-4 were either partially accepted and addressed or simply ignored. For example, while INEC was placed on First Charge and thus gained some relative financial autonomy, the mode of appointment of Chairman, National Commissioners and Resident Electoral Commissioners remained the same, and this continued to nurture a deep-seated perception of the Commission as only doing the bidding of the incumbent who nominated them; under the notion that “he who pays the piper dictates the tune”! In any case, it can be said that there is still unfinished business with regards to the recommendations of the ERC, which other efforts at electoral reforms would need to seriously address

Strengthen and protect the autonomy of INEC from political interference. This is to be done first, by giving the National Judicial Council (NJC) a major role in the appointment of Chairman and National Commissioners of INEC, instead of the current role of the president in nominating these officers; and second, by placing INEC on First Line Charge and granting it relative financial autonomy.

Unbundle’ INEC. That is, create other agencies to handle responsibilities being undertaken by INEC, which have overburdened it, such as constituency delimitation; registration and regulation of political parties; and prosecution of electoral offenders; and thus allow INEC to focus on its core mandate of organizing and managing elections.

Introduce some form of proportional representation, to promote inclusiveness, especially in National and State legislatures, and improve the representation of women, persons with disabilities and the youths

The Independent National Electoral Commission needs to improve in the area of electoral security. The electorates, election officials, and sensitive election materials must have adequate security during elections. This will make sure the confidence of the electorate in terms of their safety is guaranteed.

Civil society organizations to continue and expand their broad civic education efforts to include monitoring and reporting on the adjudication process and to promote non-violence acts throughout the election process.

There are many challenges of elections irregularities, corruption, and impunity that political leaders and government must address. Unless alleged perpetrators of electoral fraud ,violence and associated violations of the Electoral Act and the Nigerian criminal Law are urged to quickly brought to justice ,irrespective of their official positions or political associations ,the specter of corruption and impunity that has marred Nigeria’s electoral process in the past and now ,will continue to threaten and undermine Nigerians confidence in the country’s political institutions.

Where results declared by INEC are set aside by the decisions of election tribunals, INEC should conduct internal investigations and take the necessary steps to sanction those members of its staff and/or poll workers found culpable of electoral malpractices, and start criminal prosecution where and applicable.

The Independent National Electoral Commission can also urge increased political participation by improving on its use of the election technology of Smart Card Readers in future elections to decrease the delays that were witnessed during elections due to technical hitches. In addition, the Commission should in conjunction with the National Orientation Agency, the Media, Non-governmental Organizations and Community Associations improve on voter education with particular focus on vote casting to cut the number of rejected ballots in next elections. A situation where a total of 19,867 rejected votes, constituting (28.3%) of total votes cast for the presidential election in Benue state is not healthy for the electoral system in Nigeria.

Finally, we advocate for the introduction of civic and political education in Nigeria’s School Curriculum from primary to the tertiary level. This will improve the political awareness of Nigerian masses to demand their rights as well as demand accountability from their representatives when necessary.

WHAT NEXT FOR OUR GROUP?

Educate the electorate on the importance and advantages of good governance and their right to demand nothing less from political leaders.

Liaise, coöperate and exchange ideas with other Groups or Organizations’ with similar mandates working towards the actualization of a better Nigeria.

HOW?

1.Here is my suggestion to someone on Nairaland recently…. …”Easy for u to stay here and abuse everybody…u better get out and join the struggle to defeat them….after your voters card get together a group in your area to form the nucleus of the effort to push them out…meet to set goals and plan on what to do in your area …get out now to emancipate Nigerians…the task will not be easy but mere abuse on social media won’t achieve much either”….

2.Those you form the association with should also form their own groups and so on and so forth till u have something like the MMM.

3.Decide the way to go but the overall aim should be to quietly or loudly destabilize the cabal by joining a party or standing alone. But either way, it can be a deadly assignment.

4 The alternative, of course, is the third force but we can not suggest anything till we know them…

NOTES/REFERENCES

Leadership Selection In Contemporary Nigerian Politics: Challenges and Prospects

Electoral reforms in Nigeria: challenges and prospects by Professor Attahiru M Jega, OFR

Political participation and voting behavior in Nigeria: A study of the 2015 general elections in Benue State.by Dr. Member Euginia George-Genyi

Democratization and electoral process in Nigeria: A historical analysis by Ezekiel Oladele Adeoti

National-Conference-August-2014-Table-of-Contents-Chapters-1-7

Posted By C&L Alumni Core Group.

RELEVANT RADIO JINGLE

COMING UP: RELIGION AND MORALITY IN GOVERNANCE

 

WHICH WAY NIGERIA? GROUP OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS EXAMINE WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE

A group of chartered accountants has been looking closely at the political scene in Nigeria for a while. Their WHATSAPP chat group is known as XC&L CORE or C&L Alumni Core Group.

For many months they tabled, analyzed and discussed several political issues. But sometime ago they decided to take the bull by the horn.They divided themselves into 4 groups to examine Nigerian core problems and come up with helpful solutions.Each group was tasked as follows:

Group 1.

Tasks:

Examine major facets of social, political, economic, educational, moral, religious and traditional superstructure in Nigeria with a view to identifying lapses and areas of improvement.

Examine overall Governance arms: legislative, executive and judicial at the various tiers of Government and determine areas of failure or poor performance.

Examine the role of Law Enforcement Agencies in providing security of lives and prooerty, and determine to what extent consequences have been applied as a means of enforcing compliance to societal laws, rules and regulations.

Objectives

Educate the electorate to understand the value of their votes and the inherent power the votes give them in a democratic dispensation.

Educate the electorate on the importance of high ethical and moral values backed by transparency and accountability as catalysts for building a virile and stable nation.

Disseminate information about levels of government and how the role of each segment will impact the life of the electorate.

Group 2.

Tasks:

Examine our Leadership Selection and Electoral Process at various tiers of Government and identify areas needing improvement.

Examine our subsisting Moral and Religious Values and determine to what extent these have aided poor and failed governance.

Liaise, cooperate and exchange ideas with other Groups or Organisations with similar mandates working towards the actualization of a better Nigeria.

Objectives

Educate the electorate on the importance and advantages of good governance and their right to demand nothing less from political leaders suggesting solutions for effective accountability.

Articulate the most effective means of communicating and disseminating the informed position of this Group to the relevant vestiges of the society for maximum impact in achieving the set goal of this group in both the forthcoming and future elections and selection processes.

Group 3.

Tasks:

Examine Inter and Intra Tribal/Ethnic Relationships and determine to what extent this has contributed to poor or failed governance.

Examine Educational and Skill Acquisition System and identify the extent these have contributed to poor governance and erosion of the Nigerian State.

Critically examine the economy and determine to what extent Government at various have fulfilled their catalytic roles of engendering economic growth and development.

Objectives

Identify, support and market a leader(s) that fit into our vision in collaboration with other groups with similar objectives with narratives of evaluation processes and characteristics.

Proffer strategies to be adopted in raising funds to support the identified political party and to finance electorate educational activities, leaflet printing and other media to uplift voter consciousness and awareness

Group 4.

Tasks:

Examine the critical elements of the Nigerian Constitution and identify aspects of it needing ammendment for a better administration of the country.

Examine the roles of Political, Traditional and Religious Leaders to determine if they have fulfilled their critical roles in nation building and development of the society.

Examine the roles of the common man, the elites and the political leaders in the erosion of governance and the nation State.

Objectives

Identify and promote a political party whose manifesto fits or can be modified to fit into the vision and ideals of the group.

To open an organisation current account to be managed by four members with all three as co-signatories mandated to perform financial duties and the fourth with internet account enquiry access to the account for reporting and control purposes.

Propose a flat organisational structure with the roles of officers to drive this change initiative and define strategic ways to register our collective interest in the adopted political party towards contributing to sustaining a political awareness campaign.

Posted By C&L Alumni Core Group.

 

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COMING UP: SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS PUT FORWARD BY MEMBERS OF EACH GROUP

 

 

 

 

Watch “Nigeria Visionary Leadership For 2019 By Herbert Akin Sowemimo” on YouTube

VISIT BY STUDENTS OF TUKUR INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL,6TH AVENUE, FESTAC TOWN, LAGOS

They came in two buses.40 nursery and primary school students of Tukur International School, accompanied by 4 staff members. They were chatty, and like children today, needing something to excite them and keep them interested in what they were about to experience.
After welcoming them I was about to address them at the gate of the Honourable Ogunlana Reading Room (H.O) when the sun came out mercilessly bearing on them so were moved into the H.O.
Before telling them about Lagos Books Club (LBC) and H.O, I promised to award 5 prizes (N100 each for a bottle of Coke) for the best listeners who would be able to answer my 5 questions at the end of their visit. That intrigued them a bit. Thereafter, they were told:
1. The history and uses of a library
2. About Honorable Ogunlana and his family
3. That I became a librarian at the age of 11 and that many of them are old enough to be librarians and love a library too.
4. That their school must be a good school to have brought them to a library and that they should repeat my statement to their parents at home
5.That in the past we also took the students of Mason and Pass Tutorial Colleges to the University of Lagos Library and Bookshop, Covenant University Library, Glendora Bookshop and other related places just as their school is presently doing for them.
6. That they should tell their parents to build mini bookshelves for them where they can keep their books at home.
At the end of the briefing, one of the children asked if they could become members of the LBC.I informed them we shall be coming to their respective schools to set up Book Clubs in them. It was at that point I noticed that the older ones among them had ‘biros’ and sheets of paper with them and had scribbled down what I said. I also learned from their Head Teacher that the senior ones were going to summarize their experiences at LBC and H.O when they got back to school.
My Q/A session took place after they had been shown the books and media sections of the library. It was obvious they were very much ready for me. They cleared the five questions given to them very easily and even remembered:”Honourable Ogunlana” being one of the answers. For this, the Head Teacher promised to double the winning of the boy who answered it without blinking an eye!
As we waved our goodbyes I was happy because it was a deeply satisfying experience with the kids. As I looked at each of their faces on their way out I got some measured assurance, that by God’s grace, the many rows and columns of books and media they saw will leave some lasting impressions on their young minds for some time.
We are expecting more of such visits between now and the end of May 2018
Thank you
O.O.Odumosu…2/3/2018

READING ROOM AND FREE LIBRARY SERVICES FOR STUDENTS OF AMUWO ODOFIN LGA, LAGOS

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 THIS IS A SLIDE. KINDLY WAIT FOR ABOUT 30 SECONDS MAX (DEPENDS ON PHONE CAPACITY) FOR LOADING OF PICS INCLUDED .THANKS

NOW OPEN IN AMUWO ODOFIN LGA

HON S.A OGUNLANA READING ROOM,

LOCATED AT LAGOS BOOKS CLUB,

5TH AVENUE M CLOSE HOUSE 27,

FESTAC, LAGOS

TIME/DAYS 😦 a) 10.00AM – 8.00 PM (MONDAYS-SATURDAYS)

                            (b) 2.00PM – 8.00 PM (SUNDAYS)

CHARGES: CALL 08033010872

SPONSORED BY LAGOS BOOKS CLUB WITH OVER 5000 BOOKS AND MEDIA MATERIALS

FREE LIBRARY SERVICES AVAILABLE FOR STUDENTS THROUGH THE AMUWO ODOFIN LGA

THANK YOU.

O.O.ODUMOSU