1. Comprehension & Summary (or précis) are related. Students cannot summarize passages without comprehending them i.e. understanding the text.
2. Two passages are usually given each of about 450 to 500 words.
3. Questions can be essay type or summary type.
4. They can be factual or inferential.
5. They can include identifying/explaining figures of speech or idiomatic expressions.
6. They can also include identifying and explaining grammatical functions of expressions.
7. They might also mean finding substitute words.
8. The focus is not on the plot, characters or object of the passage but on issues such as grammar, sentence structure, figures of speech, expressions, spellings, punctuations etc.
9. Factual questions might cover defining concepts or objects, illustrating points, enumerating factors, reasons, ideas, or contrasting ideas.
10. Inferential questions might require the student to draw a conclusion on the basis of facts or information provided by the passage.
11. To identify and explain figures of speech or idiomatic expressions, the student might be expected not only to give the names of figurative expressions but also to explain their meanings.
12. To identify and explain grammatical names of identified structures and explain the function of the structure in the sentence / context e.g. adverbial clause which modifies a verb phrase.
13. To substitute words a student might be expected to replace a number of words with their synonyms. The substitute might be a word or a phrase to replace the original word. The student should not explain the meaning of the words if not required of him or her.
14. The student might be asked to explain basic literary terms and expressions
15. They might also be expected to change phrases or sentences into grammatical alternatives.
16. NOTE: 2 or 3 of the comprehension questions are usually about explaining literary terms and expressions ( this is very important)
NATURE OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS (PART 2)
Comprehension questions can be classified as
17. Main idea questions which test your understanding of the whole passage rather than individual parts
18. Specific detail questions based on the “supports” presented in the passage. For these, you need to SCAN the passage to spot the keywords. Note that some specific detail questions are negative with such words as NOT, EXCEPT, MOST AND LEAST. If you cannot find the correct answer for negative specific words eliminate the choices given in the reading and choose the remainder as the correct response.(your tutor should be able to explain this thoroughly)
19. Inferential questions will ask students to draw a logical conclusion from what they read in the passage. The answers to such questions are not usually explicitly stated in the passage.
20. Language expression questions usually include questions on vocabulary or pronouns. Vocabulary questions usually ask the meaning of a word or phrase within the context of the passage. Pronoun questions usually ask students to spot the correct antecedent or noun to which the pronoun refers.
21.Questions about the organization of the passage usually relate to the authors point of view, analogy or style and are not as common these days as those under 13 to 16 above.
22. Now that we know how they look like do you know how to interact or use them for revision? Do you know HOW TO STUDY/ ANSWER WAEC/NECO COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS? We shall attempt to know from the next write-up.