USE OF ENGLISH
The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Use of English is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:
(1) communicate effectively in both written and spoken English;
(2) have a sound linguistic basis for learning at the tertiary level
The syllabus consists of two sections SECTION A: Comprehension/Summary SECTION B: Lexis, Structure and Oral Forms
(i) Each of the four passages to be set (one will be a close test) should reflect various disciplines and be about 400 words long.
(ii) Questions on the passages, The Potter’s Wheel by Chukwuemeka Ike and The Successors by Jerry Agada will test the following:
(a) Comprehension of the whole or part of each passages.
(b) Comprehension of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, figures of speech and idioms as used in the passages.
(c) Coherence and logical reasoning (deductions, inferences, etc.)
(d) Synthesis of ideas from the passages.
By synthesis of ideas is meant the art of combining distinct or separate pieces of information to form a complex whole, that is;” the ability to make generalizations from specific ideas mentioned in the passages, such generalizations involve identifying the mood or tone of the writer, his attitude to the subject matter, his point of view, etc. In this regard, synthesis is a higher-level skill than summary.
Candidates should be able to:
i. identify main points in passages;
ii. determine implied meaning;
iii. identify the grammatical functions of words, phrases and clauses and figurative /idiomatic expression; iv. deduce or infer the writer’s opinion, mood, attitude to the
subject matter, etc.
2. Lexis, Structural and Oral Forms
2.1 Lexis and Structure
(d) clause and sentence patterns
(e) word classes and their functions
(f) mood, tense, aspect, number, agreement/concord, degree (positive, comparative and superlative) and question tags
(g) punctuation and spelling
(h) ordinary usage (words in their denotative or dictionary sense), figurative usage (expressions used in ways other than literal) and idiomatic usage (expressions whose meanings cannot be determined hrough a mere combination of individual words) are to be tested.
Idioms to be tested will be those expressed in standard British English (i.e those with universal acceptability)
Candidates should be able to:
i. use words and expressions in their ordinary, figurative and idiomatic contexts;
ii. determine similar and opposite meanings:
iii.differentiate between correct and incorrect punctuation and spelling;
iv. identify various grammatical pattern in use;
v. interpret information conveyed in sentences.
(a)Vowels (monophthongs and diphthongs
(b)Consonants (including clusters)
(d)Stress (word, sentence and emphatic)
Sentence stress should not be mistaken or emphatic or contrastive stress.It involves the placement of normal stress on content words (nouns, main verbs, adjectives and adverbs) in an utterance. Here, no emphasis or contrast is intended. For example, the words ‘see’ and ‘soon’ would normally be stressed in the sentence, “Till i see you soon”.
Candidates should be able to:
i. distinguish correct from incorrect vowels;
ii. differentiate correct from incorrect consonants;
iii identify silent letters, vowel length, consonant clusters, etc.
iv. determine appropriate uses of stress in words (monosyllable, disyllable and polysyllable) and in sentences (emphatic/contrastive);
v. detect partial and complete rhymes
C. THE STRUCTURE OF THE EXAMINATION
SECTION A: Comprehension/Summary
(a)2 comprehension passages (10 questions in all, 3 marks each) = 30 marks
(b)I close passage (10 questions in all, 2 marks each) = 20 marks
(c)2 texts (The Potter’s Wheel 10 questions -15 marks and The Successors 5 questions-10 marks) = 25 marks
SECTION B: Lexis, Structure and Oral Forms
(a)Sentence interpretation (10 questions in all, 2 marks each) = 20 marks
(b)Antonyms (opposite in meaning – 10 questions in all, 1 mark each) = 10 marks
(c)Synonyms (same in meaning – 10 questions in all, 1 mark each) = 10 marks
(d)Sentence completion (filling in the gaps – 20 questions in all, 1 mark each) = 20 marks
(e)Oral forms (15 questions in all, 1 mark each) =15 marks
Total: 100 questions = 150 marks
Total marks scored over 150 is thereafter prorated over 100% to get your published score
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