2016-2020 WAEC/NECO/JAMB LITERATURE (6)….HOW TO RECOGNIZE/USE FIGURES OF SPEECH

WAEC/NECO LITERATURE IN ENGLISH (6)...HOW TO USE OR RECOGNIZE FIGURES OF SPEECH


LITERARY MEN: Nigerian poet Niyi Osundare (centre), Dr. Mawuena Logan (of the UWI Mona) and Professor Mervyn Morris at the Philip Sherlock Centre, UWI Mona.

1.EXERCISE-RECOGNIZING FIGURES OR SPEECH-

Point out figures of speech with their names in the following (Do so privatelyor

send your answers to lagosboooksclub@yahoo.com for marking and feedback)

1.At the age of ten, I had read the whole of Scott and most of Shakespeare

2.In the foreground on the right , a tall pink house went up, glowing like a

geranium,into sunlight.  -ALDOUS HUXLEY

3.Their thoughts are often new, but seldom natural, they are not obvious,

but neither are they just; and the reader, far from wondering that he missed them,

wonders more frequently by what perverseness of industry they were ever found.-Johnson

4.Whence are thy beams, O sun! thy everlasting light?

5.God was palpably present in the country, and the devil had gone with the

world to town.-Hardy

6.Chaucer is the most English of all poets, and the least read by Englishmen.

7.I have but one simile, and that’s a blunder

    For wordless woman,which is silent thunder.-Byron

8.Necessity invented stools,

   Convenience next suggested elbow-chairs,

   And luxury the accomplish’d sofa last -Cowper-

9.The murmurous haunt of flies on summer eves.-Keats

10.Justice is open to all – like the Ritz Hotel.

11.Thou hadst a voice whose sound was like the sea

      Pure as the naked heavens-Wordsworth

12.Wistfully watching,with wonderful liquid eyes.-D.H.Lawrence

   2.CLASSIFICATION/USES OF FIGURES OF SPEECH

(A) FOR ASSOCIATION

AND COMPARISON 

EXAMPLES

SIMILE

CLEAN AS A PIN

METAPHOR

JOHNSON IS A MOUNTAIN

SYNECDOCHE

YOU  CAN’T STAY UNDER

MY ROOF

ANTONOMASIA

ABUJA WILL RECALL  HER

AMBASSADOR TO THE UK

(B) FOR TRANSFER OF

QUALITIES

EXAMPLES

PERSONIFICATION

THE TREES CLAPPED FOR

JOY

METONYMY

THE BAR AND THE BENCH

WILL MEET

(C) FOR SOUNDS 

EXAMPLES

ALLITERATION

WILLIAM WALLACE WADE

THROUGH MURKY WATERS

ASSONANCE

LET MY SWEET BABY SQUEAL,

SLEEP AND DREAM.

CONSONANCE

FIRST AND LAST THOUGHT

ONOMATOPOEIA

RAIN DRIZZLES, CAT MEOWS,

BIRD CHATTERS, DOG BARKS,

OWL HOOTS 

(D) FOR CONTRASTS

EXAMPLES

ANTITHESIS

MAN PROPOSES, GOD

DISPOSES, TO ERR IS

HUMAN, TO FORGIVE

IS DIVINE

OXYMORON

 OPEN SECRET, OPEN

GRAVE

 EUPHEMISM

THE MAN PASSED AWAY,

THE MAN GAVE UP THE

GHOST, THE MAN KICKED

THE BUCKET

IRONY

FOR BRUTUS IS AN

HONORABLE MAN OR

BETTY IS TOO BEAUTIFUL 

(E) FOR ALARMS OR

EXAGERATION

EXAMPLES

HYPERBOLE

A THOUSAND THANKS

APOSTROPHE

OH DEATH! WHERE IS

THY STING?, OH GRAVE!

WHERE IS YOUR VICTORY?

CLIMAX

HE CAME, HE SAW, HE

CONQUERED

(F) FOR UNDERSTATEMENT 

EXAMPLES

LITOTES OR MEIOSIS

SHE DID NOT TAKE A PIN

OUT OF THE BURNT BUILDING 

ANTICLIMAX OR BATHOS

TRUST GOD, LOVE YOUR

FELLOWS, TELL THE TRUTH

(G) FOR WORD

MANIPULATION

EXAMPLES

EPIGRAM

NECESSITY IS THE

MOTHER OF INVENTION

PARADOX

NO PAIN NO GAIN, NO

CROSS NO CROWN,

THE CHILD IS THE

FATHER OF THE MAN

PUN

BETTER BE LATE THAN

BE THE LATE

  

 

TO BE CONTINUED…TO BE CONTINUED

Related articles

i) Waec/neco Literature in English…here Is One of the Best Introductions to Figures of Speech for Nigerian Secondary Schools (lagosbooksclub.wordpress.com)

ii) Waec/neco Literature in English…literary Terms and Concepts for Appreciation Purposes…how Many on This List Do You Actually Know Like Chimamanda? (lagosbooksclub.wordpress.com)

iii )Waec/neco Literature in English (2)…appreciation of an Author or His Work- What Do Examiners Want? (lagosbooksclub.wordpress.com)

iv) For Teachers or Parents and Exclusively From Us Only!…absolutely Free Past Waec, Neco and Gce Marking Schemes in These Subjects. (lagosbooksclub.wordpress.com)

v) Moments to Treasure No.134 and an Example of a Public Speech for Waec/neco Students by Chairman of Amuwo Odofin Local Government (edupedianigeria.wordpress.com)

One comment on “2016-2020 WAEC/NECO/JAMB LITERATURE (6)….HOW TO RECOGNIZE/USE FIGURES OF SPEECH

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