“THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST” BY OSCAR WILDE…FULL GLOSSARY FOR WAEC/NECO LITERATURE EXAMS (87)

 "THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST" BY OSCAR WILDE…FULL GLOSSARY FOR WAEC/NECO LITERATURE EXAMS

October 5th

“A RESTRAINING INFLUENCE” – PRESENCE OF SERVANTS CAUSING PRINCIPAL CHARACTERS TO BE  CAREFUL  IN THEIR SPEECH.

“AS A MAN SOWS, SO LET HIM REAP.”-THIS IS A VERSE FROM THE BIBLE, GALATIANS 6:7, MEANING THAT ACTIONS DETERMINE FATE.

“ONLY EIGHTEEN”- CECILY IS THE PRECISE AGE TO “COME OUT” AS A SOCIETY DEBUTANTE. DURING THE SEASON, 18-YEAR-OLDS WERE INTRODUCED AS MARRIAGE MATERIAL FOR SUITABLE MEN.

“SHROPSHIRE IS YOUR COUNTY”- A REFERENCE TO JACK WORTHING’S POSITION AS COUNTY MAGISTRATE.

“SLIGHT REFRESHMENT AT FIVE O’CLOCK” -KNOWN AS LIGHT TEA, SERVED TO PEOPLE WHO VISIT AT THIS TIME OF DAY.

A CHRISTENING-A CEREMONY OF BAPTISM

ANABAPTISTS-A RADICAL CHRISTIAN SECT THAT SAW CHRISTENING AS A CONFIRMATION OF FAITH SO DEEMED IT INAPPROPRIATE FOR INFANTS AND SUPPORTED ADULT BAPTISM, INSTEAD

APOPLEXYA- FIT OF EXTREME ANGER THAT CAUSES DEATH; A STROKE

ARMY LISTS -PUBLISHED LISTS OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS IN THE BRITISH ARMY.

 "THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST" BY OSCAR WILDE…FULL GLOSSARY FOR WAEC/NECO LITERATURE EXAMS

BELGRAVIA SQUARE – ANOTHER AFFLUENT LONDON AREA

BUNBURY – NAME OF A SCHOOL FRIEND OF WILDE. HERE, SOMEONE WHO DECEIVES.

BUNBURYING-INVENTING A FALSE PERSON TO ALLOW ONE TO LEAVE ONE’S OWN UNPLEASANT SITUATION

CANONICAL PRACTICE – CHURCH LAW.

CORRUPT FRENCH DRAMA- POSSIBLY A REFERENCE TO THE PLAYS OF ALEXANDER DUMAS IN THE 1850s.

COURT GUIDES- AN ANNUAL REFERENCE MANUAL LISTING THE NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS OF THE UPPER CLASS AND ARISTOCRACY.

CREDULITY-TENDING TO BELIEVE TOO QUICKLY

DIVORCE COURT- BEFORE 1857, DIVORCES COULD ONLY BE GRANTED BY PARLIAMENT AT GREAT EXPENSE, AND THEY RARELY HAPPENED. IN 1857, DIVORCE COURT WAS PASSED BY PARLIAMENT, MAKING DIVORCE EASIER.

EFFEMINATE- HAVING THE QUALITIES GENERALLY ATTRIBUTED TO WOMEN, SUCH AS WEAKNESS, TIMIDITY, DELICACY AND SO ON; UNMANLY; NOT VIRILE.

EFFRONTERY- UNASHAMED BOLDNESS, PRESUMPTIOUSNESS

EGERIA CHASTITY- EGERI, A NYMPH, GAVE WISE LAWS TO NUMA POMPILIUS OF ROME THAT WERE USED FOR THE VESTAL VIRGINS,OR A ROMAN NYMPH WHO ADVISED A KING; ANY FEMALE ADVISOR

EVENSONG- A SUNDAY EVENING RELIGIOUS SERVICE.

FUNDS-GOVERNMENT STOCKS THAT GIVE A LOW YIELD OF INTEREST BUT ARE CONSERVATIVE AND SAFE.

 "THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST" BY OSCAR WILDE…FULL GLOSSARY FOR WAEC/NECO LITERATURE EXAMS

…cuppas of tradition?…

GERMAN SKEPTICISM- A GERMAN PHILOSOPHY THAT EXAMINES STYLE OR APPEARANCE RATHER THAN SUBSTANCE.

GORGON-IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY, THE THREE SISTERS INCLUDING MEDUSA WHO HAD SNAKES FOR HAIR; HERE, AN UGLY OR TERRIFYING WOMAN

GROSVENOR SQUARE – A VERY AFFLUENT AREA OF LONDON IN THE MAYFAIR DISTRICT.

HALF MOON STREET- A VERY FASHIONABLE STREET IN LONDON’S WEST END; ITS LOCATION IS HANDY TO GENTLEMEN’S CLUBS, RESTAURANTS AND THEATRES.

HORTICULTURAL-HAVING TO DO WITH A GARDEN

LIBERAL UNIONIST- A POLITICAL GROUP THAT VOTED AGAINST HOME RULE FOR IRELAND IN 1886. LIBERALS WERE THE CONSERVATIVE POLITICAL GROUP.

LORGNETTE -A PAIR OF EYEGLASSES ATTACHED TO A HANDLE. "THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST" BY OSCAR WILDE…FULL GLOSSARY FOR WAEC/NECO LITERATURE EXAMS

MACHINATIONS – ARTFUL  OR  SECRET PLOTS OR SCHEMES.

MISANTHROPE-ONE WHO HATES PEOPLE

MUDIE- A LENDING LIBRARY.

OXONIAN -SOMEONE WHO GRADUATED FROM OXFORD UNIVERSITY.

PERAMBULATOR (CHIEFLY BRITISH)- A BABY CARRIAGE; BUGGY.

PEW-OPENER -A PERSON WHO WORKS FOR A CHURCH BY OPENING THE PRIVATE PEWS OF THE WEALTHY.

PORTMANTEAU-A LARGE, HINGED LEATHER SUITCASE

QUIXOTIC-IDEALISTIC WITHOUT BEING PRACTICAL; SEEKING SOMETHING UNATTAINABLE

SALVER-TRAY FOR SERVING FOOD AND/OR DRINKS

SENT DOWN TO ACT AS A LADY’S ESCORT FOR DINNER.

SENTENTIOUSLY- FULL OF, OR FOND OF USING, MAXIMS, PROVERBS AND SO ON, ESPECIALLY IN A WAY THAT IS PONDEROUSLY TRITE AND MORALIZING.

 "THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST" BY OSCAR WILDE…FULL GLOSSARY FOR WAEC/NECO LITERATURE EXAMSSMART-WELL-DRESSED

TEMPERANCE- BEVERAGE A DRINK THAT EXPRESSLY DOES NOT CONTAIN ALCOHOL.

TERMINUS (BRITISH)-EITHER THE END OF A TRANSPORTATION LINE, OR A STATION OR TOWN LOCATED THERE; TERMINAL.

THE ALBANY- ERNEST WORTHING’S ADDRESS ON HIS CALLING CARDS WAS ACTUALLY THE HOME OF GEORGE IVES, A FRIEND OF WILDE’S AND AN ACTIVIST FOR HOMOSEXUAL RIGHTS.

THE CLUB-PRIVATE LOCATION WHERE MEN GATHER TOGETHER TO DRINK, DISCUSS POLITICS, GOSSIP, AND SMOKE

THE EMPIRE- A THEATRE IN LEICESTER SQUARE, LONDON.

THE MORNING POST- A NEWSPAPER READ BY THE UPPER CLASS BECAUSE OF ITS REPORTING ON ENGAGEMENTS, MARRIAGES AND SOCIAL GOSSIP.

THE PRIMITIVE CHURCH- THE PRE-REFORMATION CATHOLIC CHURCH, WHOSE PRIEST REMAINED CELIBATE.

THE RAILWAY GUIDE- AN INDISPENSABLE TIMETABLE OF RAILWAY DEPARTURES AND ARRIVALS, PROBABLY INVENTED BY ROBERT DIGGLES KAY IN EITHER 1838 OR 1839.

THREE-VOLUME NOVELS- LENDING LIBRARIES CIRCULATED NOVELS IN THREE PARTS SO THAT THREE DIFFERENT READERS COULD BE READING AT THE SAME TIME. THIS PRACTICE ENDED IN THE LATE 1800s.

TORIES- MEMBERS OF THE MORE CONSERVATIVE POLITICAL CIRCLES LADY BRACKNELL AND OTHER WEALTHY SOCIALITES WOULD APPROVE.

TUNBRIDGE WELLS- A FASHIONABLE RESORT IN KENT.

UNIVERSITY EXTENSION SCHEME- THE UNIVERSITY OF LONDON BEGAN THESE EXTENSION COURSES THAT WERE EARLY DEVELOPMENTS IN ADULT EDUCATION.

WOMANTHROPE -A HUMOROUS WORD MADE UP BY MISS PRISM FOR A PERSON WHO HATES WOMEN

Let's think

Let’s think

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