CONTINUED FROM PART 1
(2) Examiners will always look for the following.
(a) An introduction which shows the student understood the question before going into detailed reasoning.
(b) A framework or direction by which a student shows how he or she would answer a question without undue influence by the statement in the question.
(c) The key points in the essay.
(C) HOW TO CONSTRUCT ESSAYS
(1) An interesting beginning
(2) A persuasive content
(3) A conclusion
(4) As to the persuasive content, the essay need not contain every fact that the student can remember. It is essential to select 3 to 5 major facts in relation to the question asked. The facts should also support your reasoning, not the other way round.
(5) The conclusion should be in the final paragraph of the essay. But you will be well advised not to start your final paragraph with the words ‘in conclusion” or “finally” as this rigid approach does not find favor with examiners
(D) ESSAY STYLES
(1) Recognizable pattern: Introduction, content and conclusion- such essays are good for analytical rather than descriptive types of questions.
(2) Unrecognizable pattern: this is less rigid and is usually adopted for higher examination than WAEC/NECO levels.
(E) ESSAY PLANS
(1) These consists of the brief notes made on a separate page of the examination paper which reflects the major point and approach you are going to adopt in the essay. This is usually done within 5 minute you allow yourself at the beginning of each essay.
(2) It helps the student see the scope of the question.
(3) It helps the student keep to the points
(4) It helps to improve the speed of the student.
(5) If you do not finish your final essay the examiner can see from your notes what you were going to write. He or she can take note of your rough work at his discretion. But at least it would be there should he choose to be lenient. However if you are definitely going to run out of time it will be easy for you to take the points from your essay planned neatly. Write them in note form so that the examiner can see how you wanted to complete your essay. Do not forget to cross through all your rough work or start each essay itself at the top of a separate page.
(F) NUMERICAL QUESTIONS AND ILLUSTRATIONS
(1) Show or submit all rough workings
(2) Neatness of layout and presentation are vital.
This applies to all diagrams, or graphs which may be included in your diagram.
(3) Diagram and graphs should only be included when they are asked for in a question or when you are sure that they will help to explain the subject written more clearly. If in doubt it is best to leave them out.
(4) When drawing make sure it is large enough and not small. Generously use ½ of a page for the drawing and generally label to the right, Rulers, compasses or coins are useful tools to take to the exam hall. DEFINITELY avoid drawing in ink.
(G) ORALS / AURAL AND PRACTICAL
(1) Oral = Spoken examinations, Aural = Listening examinations
(2) For these exams no need to be nervous. If a tape recorder is used it is to help the examiner to assess you later when you leave the room.
(3) Try to avoid talking too much or too little. Be polite. Don’t use slangs like “cool”, “guy”, etc.
(4) Avoid answering too quickly. Take your time and breathe in and out deeply if you think you need to think a little before replying. Don’t worry whether the tape recorder is on or not.
(5) Study orals in a group to overcome nervousness.
(6) For aural tests try to listen to conversations on the radio often and practice as much as possible through cassette recording or video recording.
(7) Whenever you answer practical questions do the following:
(a) Obtain as much information as you can on the materials and equipment you will be using i.e. the properties of the metal, chemical, and of the procedures or the apparatus involved.
(b) Develop your ability to use the equipment, to make observations. Such as changes in chemicals, or materials used in the last, to record your observations satisfactorily, and to develop procedures or design apparatus to solve a problem.
(c) Also learn to analyze what you or someone else is doing. Check what the emphasis is on in the examination from past question papers.
(H) HOW EXAMINERS MARK ANSWERS
Examiners use marking schemes which are then checked by moderators to ensure that it is fair. The moderators (also called checkers) also ensure random checks on the marked scripts to ensure that they have been marked in accordance with the marking scheme.
(I) COMMON MISTAKES
(1) Written Examinations: –
(a) False assumptions that past questions are not necessary.
(b) That, since the mock exams was okay that the exam itself will be. Do not make any assumption about the way you will perform on the actual day of the exam.
(2) Be original as much as you can. If you try to be clever, the examiners can see through you and may be penalize you if you stray from the point.
(3) Try not to make the examiner angry unnecessarily. Clear handwriting, keeping out of margins and correct numbering of questions and answers are few of the ways you can avoid creating a bad impression.