Before moving forward let us do a review of some of the proposals submitted so far.

61. Although this is an attempt at listing various steps which can be taken to improve education in Nigeria we cannot vouch that each step is completely exclusive. This means that some steps might look a bit like others.

62. Some of the steps might also appear contradictory to others. But each attempts to find different wrongs in the system.

63. There are 5 main human – based groups or associations under which these steps could have been listed. These are:-
a) Government/Educational Administrations – FMOE, State MOEs LGAs and all parastatal under them linked to Education
b) Examination Boards which are mainly WAEC, NECO AND JAMB. Though other examination bodies do exist we have limited ourselves to influence exerted by these three main bodies to simulate better focus on situations and problems to be solved.
c) Schools – Both Public and Private.
d) Tutors – In both Public and Private secondary schools.
e) Parents, Students and Home Environment.
However we have adopted a laissez – faire listing method more likely to grab the attention of our readers and not a “study-based” approach. That is, our approach is more journalistic than scientific.

64. We were also tempted to list these steps using a few chapters in the National Policy on Education (2004) but later decided against that because of our many criticisms of the same respectable but faulty document. The relevant chapters are:-
a) Philosophy and Goals of Education in Nigeria
b) Secondary Education
c) Science, Technical and Vocational Education
d) Educational Services
e) Planning, Administration and Supervision of Education
f) Financing of Education

65. Another way we could have prepared our list was to have focused on the different departments and sections in the Federal Ministry of Education. Thereafter, we could have attached the listed steps to each of them wherever applicable. But there are many steps in the list which may be found attributable to or executable by more than one department or section in the Ministry hence our decision to do it the laissez-faire way. Departments under the FMOE are as follows.
a) Information and Communications Technology
b) Basic and Secondary Education
c) Human Resource Management
d) Finance and Accounts
e) Planning, Policy and Management Research
f) Tertiary Education
e) Federal Inspectorate Service
g) Scholarship
h) Technology and Science Education

66. There is a possibility, however that we might put a book together for the same purpose in future and this may be more “study-based” as indicated under 63 above.

67. We should also note that we are aware that a one-size-fit-all approach does not work in solving educational problems. There is no one approach that works in every situation.

68. With reference to our suggestion of an Education Advisory Board and INEP under paragraphs 6 and 54 the real need is to have a permanent centre for Educational Reforms. The two bodies do not need exist together. Just one will be enough. But the centre must have a very efficient department for gathering data and checking up innovations in Education round the world. Our policy makers should henceforth envision education as a total life experience of the Nigerian child and not what is dished out to him/her in classrooms.

69. The idea that only government can be responsible for improving education in Nigeria is false hope and never intended in our write-up. School administrators and parents also have a lot of work to do. Principals and their management team must be accountable for real learning imparted and results achieved in public examinations. They must be also be accountable for unsolved problems and be ready to accept our thanks for creative solutions provided by them for our children. Unfortunately, the bane of many schools if one must say, do come from non-application of education acquired by management and supporting staff in public and private schools. It is not always because such schools lack public toilets, water, paved lawns etc.

70. Parents can also bring changes to schools if they want. But they are always too busy to know that there are so many processes at play in the schools of their children.



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